Comprendre les enjeux de l'agriculture

Did you know that the potato has its own dedicated day each year? Celebrated on May 30, 2024, International Day of Potato (source: FAO) represents an annual opportunity to shine a spotlight on this often overlooked yet vitally important food for global food security. It deserves its own day, as it significantly contributes to achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals announced by UNESCO (UNESCO SDGs ).

Imported from South America and introduced to Europe in the 16th century, this tuber is now cultivated globally in 150 countries on over 20 million hectares, with an annual worldwide production of 375 million tons (Source:

Indeed, the potato, belonging to the Solanaceae family, with its Latin name Solanum tuberosum, is a staple food consumed widely around the world. It is particularly so in Africa, where many countries still face famine today. For example, agriculture in the least developed countries (LDCs) prioritizes the potato due to its ease of cultivation and harvest. Several species are grown there, including:

– Shangi : Cultivated in Kenya and appreciated for its yield and culinary quality.
– Rosita : Adapted to local climatic conditions, this red-skinned variety is popular in West Africa.
– Spunta : A highly prized variety in North Africa, notably in Morocco, Tunisia, and Algeria, known for its cooking quality and very satisfactory yield.

The potato truly deserves its own day, as it is not only a dietary staple in these countries but also a crucial element in combating famine. During this international day, the biggest consumers gather to enjoy its various varieties while promoting its benefits for the body and the earth.