Comprendre les enjeux de l'agriculture

Facing the growing threat of desertification, farmers in the arid regions of Africa are adopting innovations such as agroforestry, water conservation, and soil management techniques to restore land fertility and increase crop resilience.

In Morocco, farmers in arid regions face major challenges related to desertification, especially in areas like the southern provinces and the semi-arid regions of the country. To combat this phenomenon and maintain agricultural productivity, various innovations have been implemented. Agroforestry is one of these innovative approaches. Moroccan farmers plant trees such as the argan, carob, and olive to stabilize the soil, reduce erosion, and provide shade for heat-sensitive crops. These trees also have beneficial effects on local biodiversity and offer additional sources of income through the production of fruits, nuts, and oils.