Comprendre les enjeux de l'agriculture

Climate change exacerbates existing challenges in food security in Sub-Saharan Africa, threatening agricultural production and the availability of food supplies. More frequent droughts and unpredictable rainfall compromise livelihood stability, necessitating urgent adaptation and mitigation measures.

These urgent adaptive measures include the use of heat and drought-resistant crops, as well as soil conservation practices. It is also crucial to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to mitigate long-term effects. The El Niño phenomenon further exacerbates the situation by intensifying extreme weather conditions. Risk management strategies are needed to protect vulnerable populations.