Comprendre les enjeux de l'agriculture

In Central and West Africa, approximately 55 million people could face hunger during the lean season extending from June to August. This was revealed by the food security analysis of the Harmonized Framework of March 2024 published by the Permanent Inter-State Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS). This figure is four times higher than the average recorded in the two regions over the past 5 years. To explain this situation, the CILSS mentions economic problems in West and Central African countries, such as currency devaluations, inflation, production stagnation, and trade barriers that can affect people’s access to food.

According to the organization’s data, the situation is particularly worrying in Mali, where around 2,600 people are expected to experience famine, especially in the northern part of the country, which has been plagued by recurring conflicts since August 2023. The other most vulnerable countries are Nigeria, Ghana, and Sierra Leone.

Source: Agence Ecofin