Efforts to focus research on accelerating the agroecological transition have come in response to strong demand from public authorities, businesses and society, in both France and Europe. The “Towards a Chemical Pesticide-free Agriculture” framework document aims to meet this critical challenge by re-thinking how research is carried out and developing a shared research and testing strategy, not just at a national level but at a European level. This document was signed by twenty-four research institutions in sixteen European countries. Championed by the INRAE (France’s National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment) and its German counterparts the ZALF and JKI, this unprecedented commitment will bring together an entire research community around a shared vision of a chemical pesticide-free agriculture. The framework document, which was officially agreed at the Salon de l’Agriculture on 23 February with the support of the French Ministry for Agriculture and Food, puts in place a European research partnership. This team will finalise a roadmap and present it to the European Commission to contribute to the European Green New Deal.