To address the challenges agriculture must face, resulting from many environmental constraints including climate change, soil erosion and biodiversity loss, different types of pollution, and much more besides, the French government has decided to merge the INRA (National Institute for Agricultural Research) and the IRSTEA (National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture). This merger will take effect on 1 January 2020. The new organisation will be called the National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and the Environment (INRAE). Both institutes have a strong presence in Africa via collaborations and partnerships with, among others, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Benin and Burkina Faso. The INRAE aims to become a global leader in agricultural sciences, food and environmental sciences. The INRAE is already ranked second for agricultural sciences and 11th for ecology-environment.